431 initiates multidisciplinary frameworks for the creation, curation, and research of forms of knowledge production and presentation regarding spatial practice. Each project puts forward its own specific methodology such as spatial interventions, text, performance and film. 431 is initiated by Lietje Bauwens and Wouter De Raeve. Lietje Bauwens (1990) studied philosophy, writes for different cultural platforms and is an editor of the Belgian literary journal nY. She was artist in residence at the Van Eyck academy 2018–19. Wouter De Raeve (1982) studied landscape architecture and visual arts and produced several lecture series, publications and installations. lietjebauwens(at)gmail(dot)com, deraeve.w(at)gmail(dot)com